Good nutrition can help prevent disease and promote nutritional health. There are six categories of nutrients that the body needs to acquire from food:
Vitamins & Minerals
This is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much, that the diet causes health problems. Malnutrition can cause unintentional weight loss or for you to be overweight or obese.
This is a deficiency of calories or of one or more essential nutrients. Under nutritional is caused primarily by an inadequate intake of dietary energy, regardless of whether any specific nutrients is a limiting factor – weak muscle, tiredness, mood swings, increase in illness or infection.
The body needs energy in order to function. Even when you’re asleep or resting, the body uses energy to ensure healthy body function. This is known as basal metabolic rate. It depends on your gender, height, and weight.
If we consume more calories rather than using up the energy, it called turn into fats. For example, when we eat and not walk it off it stores fats. If we use up more up energy than our calorie intake, we will become underweight, for example, if we over exercise. To balance our energy, we need to intake the right amount of calories and burn the right amount of energy. This maintains a healthy body weight.
Body Mass Index (BMI):
A guideline which helps you identify if you are a healthy weight for your height and gender. A healthy BMI, for adults is between 18.5 and 24.9.
Underweight – less than 18.5
Overweight – 25 – 29.9
Obese class 1 – 30 – 34.9
Obese class 2 – 35 – 39.9
Morbidity – greater than 40